CHILDREN WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENT

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Introduction

Families that are confronted with a toddler with a visual impairment have multiple needs that require a holistic approach in order to address this complex problem effectively. However, no research has been done yet that looks at the needs of the South African parent with a toddler with a visual impairment in order to develop a specialized, empirically grounded parental guiding programme. This study thus aimed at developing a guiding programme for parents with a toddler with a visual impairment and evaluating its effectiveness. Interventional research as applied research was utilised for this purpose.
A two-phase research approach was used. During phase one a qualitative approach was used. The following research question was formulated during this phase: What are the needs of the South African parent with a toddler with a visual impairment? A focus-group discussion where focus-group questions were used was held with 10 parents in order to explore the meaning and interpretation that they attach to their daily world. These data, in addition to the wide-ranging literature study that had been undertaken, brought information to the fore that was used in the parental guiding programme. Answers to the research question could thus be found.
The quantitative design that was followed during phase two was the single-system design. The following research hypothesis was formulated during this phase: If the parents of a toddler with a visual impairment follow the parental guiding programme, they will be empowered with knowledge with regard to their child’s specific eye condition, its influence on and their management of the child concerned, their marriage and their family.

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HOOFSTUK 1: ALGEMENE ORIËNTERING TOT DIE STUDIE
HOOFSTUK 2: GESIGGESTREMDHEID EN VERSKILLENDE OOGTOESTANDE MET DIE ONDERSKEIE AKADEMIESE, SOSIALE EN LOOPBAANGEVOLGE DAARVAN
HOOFSTUK 3: ALGEMENE SISTEEMTEORIE AS TEORETIESE FUNDERING IN HULPVERLENING AAN GESINNE MET ’N KLEUTER MET ’N GESIGGESTREMDHEID
HOOFSTUK 4: GESINSDINAMIKA IN STRESVOLLE SITUASIES
HOOFSTUK 5: VROEË INTERVENSIE BY DIE KLEUTER MET ’N GESIGGESTREMDHEID
HOOFSTUK 6: ’N OUERBEGELEIDINGSPROGRAM VIR OUERS VAN ’N KLEUTER (NUL TOT SES JAAR) MET GESIGGESTREMDHEID
HOOFSTUK 7: EMPIRIESE RESULTATE VAN DIE KWALITATIEWE FASE
HOOFSTUK 8: EMPIRIESE RESULTATE VAN DIE KWANTITATIEWE FASE
HOOFSTUK 9: SAMEVATTENDE GEVOLGTREKKINGS EN AANBEVELINGS

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