Growth defect of WeB and ΔmreB mutants can be suppressed by addition of fructose 

Get Complete Project Material File(s) Now! » IF-like proteins IF proteins in eukaryotes share a rod-like domain between two variable domains. The most common IF proteins are keratin and lamin. They self-assemble in a nucleotide-independent manner (Lowe & Amos, 2009)....

The crwn1 and crwn2 mutations have opposite and additive effects on constitutive heterochromatin

Get Complete Project Material File(s) Now! » Components of plant heterochromatin In eukaryotic cells, the chromosomes are formed by complexes of DNA and proteins that are called chromatin. In 1928, Emil Heitz classified chromatin into 2 types: heterochromatin and euchromatin....

ROLE OF CORTICOSTEROID BINDING GLOBULIN IN EMOTIONAL REACTIVITY SEX DIFFERENCES IN MICE

Get Complete Project Material File(s) Now! » HPA axis and the glucocorticoids The HPA axis is the major neuroendocrine system in mammals and, as previously mentioned, its activation culminates in the secretion of glucocorticoids from the adrenal glands. This axis...

Multivariate analysis: comparison within fattening environments 

Get Complete Project Material File(s) Now! » Description of the data Origin of the animals In total, 27 sires were used in different frequency over the herd. Nine sires had less than ten offspring and ten sires had between eleven...

GC-content evolution in bacterial genomes: the biased gene conversion hypothesis expands

Get Complete Project Material File(s) Now! » Horizontal gene transfers and its role in speciation The notion of species in prokaryotes is intensely debated (Achtman and Wagner, 2008). This is intimately linked to the current inability of evolutionary microbiologists to...

PLOIDY DEGREE OF PONTOSCOLEX CORETHRURUS COMPLEX SPECIMENS 

Get Complete Project Material File(s) Now! » Reproductive isolation, polyploidy and speciation In order to know the mode and process of speciation in nature, it is necessary to determine how reduction of gene flow in the ‘grey zone’ occurs between...

Petunia growth, mycorrhizal colonization and T. basicola development 

Get Complete Project Material File(s) Now! » Pathogen recognition: general elicitors The signalling molecules produced by pathogens which plants are able to recognize and respond to are known as “elicitors”. Elicitors rapidly activate a range of plant defence responses that...

Wetting and dryning cycle effects on internal stress, particle rearrangement and soil aggregate stability

Get Complete Project Material File(s) Now! » Aggregate stability Aggregate stability was measured using a slightly-modified version of Le Bissonnais’ method (Le Bissonnais, 1996; ISO/DIS 10930, 2012). Specifically, air-dried samples were cut into 2-5 mm fragments. The three stability tests...

Recombinant invasive Lactococcus lactis can transfer DNA vaccines either directly to dendritic cells or across an epithelial cell monolayer

Get Complete Project Material File(s) Now! » Fate of plasmid DNA after administration After intramuscular or intradermal injection, the plasmid DNA will transfect somatic cells, such as myocytes and keratinocytes, and/or resident Antigen Presenting Cells (APCs) like dendritic cells (DCs)...

Polymorphism of bacterial-sensing TLRs in wild-derived and classical laboratory strains of Mus musculus

Get Complete Project Material File(s) Now! » Evolutionary processes affecting evolution of immune receptors Genetic diversity is important for survival and adaptability of species in changing environments. To decide which evolutionary forces shaped variation in specific genes is a difficult...