Background on Culture, Domestic Violence and Dating Violence in India

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CHAPTER III Methods

This study sought to understand the nature of dating violence experienced by young women attending college in India. Since this is one of the first studies looking at the phenomenon of dating violence among female college students in India, I collected data from a convenience sample of undergraduate women in an urban city in Southern India (Hyderabad). I distributed a questionnaire to these students to learn about their dating experiences and about factors which I hypothesized to be related to their likelihood of being involved in violent dating relationships.

Participants and Selection Process

The sample for this study comprised 500 female undergraduate students above the age of eighteen studying in a commuter college in Hyderabad, India. Though a Catholic institution, the majority of the students at this college are Hindu. Christian students form the next largest segment followed by students from other religions like Islam, Sikhism, and Buddhism. The participants at the time of the study were working on their undergraduate degree in one of the following three academic departments: Arts, Commerce or Science. The sample was a convenience sample of students who voluntarily agreed to complete the survey packet distributed by the researcher. Fifty to a hundred students were asked to complete the survey at a time over three consecutive days to reach the desired sample size of 500 students.

Procedure

Before conducting the study the researcher met with the Principal of the college to discuss the nature and purpose of the study. After receiving permission to conduct the study, the researcher met with professors and lecturers from the different departments to discuss the requirements to administer the study. All professors agreed to have the survey distributed during their class time for which the students would be given attendance credit. The answers for the survey were filled in scantron sheets. All participants were given an orientation before the questionnaires were handed out to them. The orientation included a brief description of the nature, scope, purpose and importance of the study, role of the participants, their choice not to participate, issues related to participant confidentiality and the resources to contact in any case where the participants felt the need to talk to someone about their thoughts or feelings as a result of answering questions in the survey. They were also informed about the importance of this study to both, young women in general (public policy formulation, development of interventions and educational programs) and to them in particular (increase their awareness). IRB approved this study with an “IRB Exempt Approval” status therefore the use of an informed consent form was not required. Next, the questionnaire (see Appendix A) along with the scantron sheets were handed to students willing to participate. Once completed, the questionnaires were collected and placed in envelopes that were sealed to preserve confidentiality. Each set of questionnaires were reviewed to make sure all information was correctly completed. The scantron sheets were brought back to Virginia Tech, Northern Virginia Center and sent to the Test Scoring Services at Virginia Tech, Blacksburg for data entry. The surveys were scanned and the data saved electronically. The data was sent back to the researcher for data cleansing and analysis through email.

READ  THE STANDARD BABYLONIAN GILGAMESH EPIC

DEDICATION 
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 
TABLE OF CONTENTS 
INDEX OF TABLES 
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION
The Problem and its Setting 
Significance and Rationale for the Study 
Purpose of the Study
Research Questions
CHAPTER II: LITERATURE REVIEW
Theoretical Framework 
Feminist Theory 
The Ecological Model 
Background on Culture, Domestic Violence and Dating Violence in India 
Dating Violence 
Demographic Variables 
Attitudes about violence in intimate partner relationships 
History of Witnessing or Experiencing Abuse 
Problems with Alcohol 
Anger Management Skills 
Hypotheses 
CHAPTER III: METHODS
Participants and Selection Process 
Procedure 
Measures 
Demographic 
Witnessing or experiencing violence in childhood
The Inventory of Beliefs about Wife Beating 
The Revised Conflicts Tactics Scale 
The Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index 
Anger Management Scale 
Organization of the Survey 
Data Analysis 
CHAPTER IV: RESULTS
Introduction 
Demographics 
Wife Beating is Justified 
Experience of Violence 
Correlates of Perpetration and Victimization 
CHAPTER V: DISCUSSION 
Limitations of the Study 
Clinical Implications 
Future Research and Policy Implications
Summary 
REFERENCES 
APPENDIX A: Survey 
Curriculum Vitae 

 

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